Pattern Making

20 Skills

Pattern Making Station Objectives:

Upon successful completion of the Pattern Making Station Module, students will be able to:

  • Develop a set of basic patterns.
  • Grade patters for various sizes.
  • Understand fit requirements for adults, children, missy, and juniors.
  • Manipulate patterns to create new designs.
  • Understand the American and International garment sizing system.

Understanding a garment pattern

  • Following directions on domestic patterns – Grain Lines and cut directions
  • Industry patterns and industry directions
  • Using Basic Patterns for shells, pants, skirts, dresses, tunics, jackets
  • Manipulating Basic patterns – where and how to add length and width
  • Creating a set of basic patterns (blocks) for their own body shape


  • Grading regular sizes – XS, S, M, L and XL
  • Grading 3 Plus Sizes – 1X, 2X, 3X
  • Grading from a One Size to a One Size plus
  • Grading size 1, 2 and 3
  • Where to grade for added height
  • Where to grade for weight gain

Fit requirements

  • Children’s vs. Adults
  • Junior vs. Missy

Pattern manipulation

  • Adding volume and swing
  • Taking out volume and swing
  • Splitting a dress into a top and bottom
  • Joining a top and bottom into a dress

Sizing systems

  • American Sizing systems
  • International Sizing Systems
  • Creating a sizing system for a new label